“For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.”
In another Creation Moment, we talked about the complexity of photosynthesis and how the process could not have evolved by chance. Evolutionary scientists like to point to what they refer to as simple systems from which more complex systems might have evolved, and so a recent scientific article discusses the earliest known organisms that use photosynthesis. Evolutionists assume that more complex plants could have evolved from single-celled algae, many of which use photosynthesis.
In order to confirm their belief, the scientists from McGill University examined micro-fossils of an algae called bangiomorpha pubescens, found on Baffin Island. They assigned the rock containing these fossils an age of 1.047 billion years. This was achieved using Rhenium-Osmium dating.
The popular article that reported this stated that the Re-Os dating was done on the sedimentary layer in which the fossils were found. This, of course, is not possible, but the original academic article correctly states that the dating was done on adjacent layers.
Re-Os dating works by the beta (β) decay of 187Re. Half of the rhenium decays in a given period, known as the half-life (t½). The half-life has been measured at 42Ga. Given that the half-life should not change, if we know the initial quantity of Re, and the current measured quantity of Os, we should be able to calculate the age of the rock. Unfortunately, the half-life of Re is notoriously difficult to measure, and is subject to great uncertainty. One published measurement was just 33 years – a billion times smaller than the accepted value.
The Bible gives us a better, authoritative method of measuring age.
Ref: McGill University. (2017, December 20). Origins of photosynthesis in plants dated to 1.25 billion years ago: Maybe the ‘Boring Billion’ wasn’t so boring, after all. ScienceDaily. Retrieved December 27, 2017 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171220122032.htm. Image: Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 2.5 Generic.
“For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.”
What do we make of it when people tell us that they have seen a UFO? Creation speaker and writer Gary Bates has studied the phenomenon of UFOlogy for years.
He points out that the largest percentage of supposed sightings of UFOs are no such thing.
Some sightings are fraudulent. There are people who, for various reasons, will make up stories about UFOs and aliens. Such people may be gullible or they may be jealous of the attention being given to someone else who is claiming to have seen aliens.
Some sightings are of the planet Jupiter or Venus. These two bodies appear as bright stars in the sky. When they are present in the sky, it is not difficult to be awestruck by them and be misled into thinking that these are not God-ordained objects.
But Bates isolates a percentage of UFO cases that cannot be dismissed under the headings above. These are people who have genuinely experienced something but have no means of interpreting it. In some cases, these people can become anxious about the event and actually do not want it to happen. Bates suggests that this might be for the simple reason that they have indeed experienced something, though it cannot be a true abduction.
Such people seem to be under demonic influence. We need to pray for such people to help them understand the stages through which these visitations have taken them. These close encounters are troubling but have all the hallmarks of demonic deception.
Ref: Bates, G. (2010), Alien Intrusion, Creation Book Publishing. Image: Adobe Stock Images (licensed to author)
“By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.”
In the 1970s, Larry Norman – the grandfather of Christian rock – sang a song called “Unidentified Flying Object”, which included the words:
If there’s life on other planets,
then I’m sure that He must know
And He’s been there once already
And has died to save their souls.
Norman had, shall we say, an eccentric view of theology. But belief in so-called UFOs appears to be more widespread than what we could dismiss as the preserve of the crazy few. Indeed, one international survey has suggested that as many as 61% believe that life exists on other planets, with a large percentage of those believing that alien spacecraft have visited the Earth.
Such a belief is clearly evolutionary in nature. So many believe that life evolved on Earth from non-living molecules. If that is one’s belief, then it is not much of a stretch to believe that such a process cannot be unique; it must also have happened elsewhere in the universe.
Yet such a belief is contrary to what the Bible teaches, and this fact comes as a surprise to many people. Hebrews 10:10 tells us that Christ died “once for all”. ICR writer and scientist Brian Thomas points out:
Since the Lord Jesus died only once before His resurrection, He could not have gone to die again on alien planets. Therefore, intelligent redeemable E.T.s must not exist.
If life could have evolved in many different places in the universe, our galaxy ought to be teeming with messages and contacts from aliens. Yet it isn’t. The silence from our alien brethren is consistent with the fact that they do not exist.
Ref: Thomas, B., Half of Humanity Believes in Aliens, < http://www.icr.org/article/10400/ >, accessed 12/26/2017. Image: Adobe Stock Image, licensed to author.
Without a doubt the brain is a marvelous organ, although there is still a great deal to learn about how it works. We do know that brain cells communicate through connections which reach out in three dimensions to other cells. When thought and motion take place, they communicate with each other very quickly. They are even in communication while you sleep.
In contrast to the human brain, the "thinking" parts of a computer are connected in two dimensions to "communicate" with each other. Researchers thought that it might boost performance if a three-dimensional computer chip could be designed. Cell phones already use a three-dimensional chip arrangement, but these are just individual flat chips stacked one on top of another. Researchers wanted to see what true three-dimensional chips (called TSVs), could do.
Now several chip manufacturers have developed working TSVs. They have found that three-dimensional chips transmit information faster and use less power than flat chips. In other words, they are more efficient than flat chips and pack more "thinking" power into a smaller space. Chip manufacturers are now working on ways to successfully mass produce the TSVs.
The three-dimensional computer chip does improve chip performance by mimicking the wiring of the brain. However, except in the area of calculation, we are nowhere close to mimicking the power of the human brain.
Notes: The Nikkei Weekly, 12/29/08 & 1/5/09, p. 3, "Semiconductor makers head for third dimension." Illustration: Courtesy of Shmuel Csaba Otto Traian. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Creation Moments, Inc., P.O. Box 839, Foley, MN 56329 www.creationmoments.com
It was once thought that only man used tools. However, scientists have learned that some monkeys and even some birds use "tools." Now we can add dolphins to the growing list of tool-users.
Researchers studying dolphins in Australia's Shark Bay noticed that some dolphins were swimming around with sponges on their beaks. After some observation, both on the surface and beneath the water, scientists discovered what the dolphins were doing. Holding the sponges in their mouths, they would sweep the sea bottom sand, flushing out fish. Then they dropped the sponge and ate what they had flushed out. When they were finished eating, they retrieved their sponge and repeated the process.
Researchers found that about 10 percent of the females obtained their food using sponges as tools. For some unknown reason, very few of the males used this method. Furthermore, most of the females using this method were related to two maternal tool-using dolphins. Researchers debate whether these two taught their descendants this method of obtaining fish or whether the behavior is based in genetics.
Since this is not a widespread behavior among dolphins, it seems likely that it is a learned behavior probably taught to younger relatives by the maternal dolphins. After all, dolphins are known to be very intelligent, and intelligence is a gift from their Creator.
Notes: Science News Online, 12/10/08, www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/39219, Bruce Bower, "Dolphins Wield Tools of the Sea." Creation Moments, Inc., P.O. Box 839, Foley, MN 56329 www.creationmoments.com
1 Kings 19:9
Cavemen. The very word conjures images of bearskin clothing, wooden clubs and perhaps some simple stone tools. We think of the cavemen themselves as part ape and certainly less than modern humans. All of these images help make human evolution look more plausible.
However, in China there are some 20 million people living in caves. The caves there are easily carved in the silty soil of the Western regions of the Yellow River. The caves are generally 10 to 13 feet wide and can extend as far as 25 feet back into the hillside. Sometimes the caves are connected to one another, creating a larger place to live. Many of the people who live in these caves would not think of moving out of them.
Caves are warm in the winter, cool in the summer, and they are fireproof. These caves include flues for venting the exhaust from cooking fires. But these caves are not primitive dwellings by any stretch of the imagination. They feature plumbing, electrical wiring and even cable television! Except for windows, some of these cave homes are as modern as anything you'll see in the rest of the developing world.
Throughout the ages, people have taken shelter in caves and even set up housekeeping in them. The fact that they lived in caves does not make them primitive at all.
Notes: Minneapolis Star Tribune, 12/21/08, p. AA5, Tim Johnson, "Cave, sweet cave: Many Chinese find home is in a hillside."
Photo: Courtesy of Meier & Poehlmann. (CC BY 3.0).
Creation Moments, Inc., P.O. Box 839, Foley, MN 56329 www.creationmoments.com
We all know that there is strength in numbers. Many animals have even discovered this and, for example, migrate in large herds. However, one would never expect bacteria to have discovered this or know enough to organize themselves collectively.
Bacteria consist of a single cell that doesn't even have a nucleus. They have no nervous system, and they reproduce by simply dividing in half. Of course, there is no brain; yet, they seem to display a sense of consciousness that totally baffles the neurosciences. Some marine species of bacteria are able to sense when there are other bacteria around them. Then, when a sufficient number have gathered together, their metabolism changes, and they begin to produce a slime that then holds them together.
While all this is now known, new research shows that the slime, called biofilm, includes chemicals that are poisonous to the very predators that would ordinarily feed on the bacteria. In fact, the biofilm seems to protect the bacteria. The more bacteria there are, the more biofilm they make and the more protection they have from predators.
There are no simple forms of life. Even bacteria, which are an important part of the ecosystem, have been designed with the ability to protect themselves – something they could never have invented for themselves.
Notes: Minneapolis Star Tribune, 7/29/08, p. A5, David Brown, "Cellmates: Research shows that bacteria, when under attack, stick together to survive." Creation Moments, Inc., P.O. Box 839, Foley, MN 56329 www.creationmoments.com
It turns out that not all creatures need eyes to see light. It all depends on what the creatures were designed to do.
The roundworm, C. elegans, lives below the soil surface where it needs no eyes. At the same time, this roundworm needs to sense light because too much exposure will kill it. Researchers noted that the roundworm has only 302 nerve cells. Study of these cells showed that some of them sense light in the same way that similar cells in vertebrates sense light. Evolutionists suggested that this is an example of an early step in the evolution of eyes. However, there is no evolutionary pressure for this roundworm to evolve eyes because light will kill it. Besides, animals that supposedly evolved long before C. elegans already had eyes.
A better explanation is that, like the cave fishes, this roundworm lives in the dark and needs no eyes that would, in any case, be constantly filling with dirt. No, this is not an example of evolution, but of good design by God.
God has designed all things to fit well into their respective environments. The fish that lives in the dark depths of the ocean has lighted lures, the fishes that live in the darkest caves have no eyes and neither does the roundworm, C. elegans. All these show God's fingerprints.
Notes: http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/33889/title/Seeing_without_eyes. Photo: Uploaded to the Wikimedia Commons by Kbradnam. (CC BY-SA 2.5). Creation Moments, Inc., P.O. Box 839, Foley, MN 56329 www.creationmoments.com
Bacteria and fungi form biofilms on just about every wet surface, like that bowl of water you left out last night! In this biofilm state, bacteria cause 70 percent of all human bacterial infections. On underwater pipelines, biofilms cause corrosion. Such biofilms even form on seaweed. That is, except for the seaweed called Delicate Beauty.
Delicate Beauty grows off the coast of Australia, and researchers long wondered why biofilms never form on this seaweed. Researchers have now discovered that Delicate Beauty secretes chemicals called furanones. Furanones don't kill the bacteria, but prevent it from colonizing by repelling them. This observation is important because it is believed that since the furanones don't kill the bacteria, the bacteria will not develop a resistance to the furanones.
Commercial production of these chemicals is now beginning to be used in water-cooling towers to prevent biofilm buildup and in clinical trials on contact lenses to prevent bacterial growth. So far these trials have been successful, and further applications are under study.
It was not God's desire that disease and death should come into His creation because of our sin. But He knew that it would. So He stocked the creation with things for us to discover to alleviate and avoid some of our suffering in this world. Christians know that there is no disease or death in heaven.
Notes: Science Illustrated, 7-8/08, pp. 62-69, "Inspired by Nature." Photo: Courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (PD). Creation Moments, Inc., P.O. Box 839, Foley, MN 56329 www.creationmoments.com
The Tiger Keelback snake has a bite that delivers slow-acting venom and prevents the victim's blood from clotting. An adult human could bleed to death from a bite, but it takes a while for the snake to deliver a lethal dose.
When threatened, the average Keelback will raise its head and display its colorful swollen neck. Should the attacker bite the snake near its head, it will get a mouth full of a much stronger poison from glands in its neck. Where does that poison come from? For years scientists have debated whether the Keelback produces its own poison, or does it get the poison from some other creature that it ate?
Now research has revealed that the Keelback actually does store the poison of a poisonous toad that it eats. Moreover, it seems to know that it has this poison stored. For example, on an island where there are some Keelbacks but no toads, these Keelbacks when threatened do not display their neck to an attacker. Rather, they flee from their attacker.
God has used many ingenious designs in His creation, knowing that some would recognize this and, by doing so, acknowledge His existence, power and glory. His desire is always that we might be driven to His Word to learn of the salvation He has prepared for us in Jesus Christ.
Notes: Science News, 2/3/07, p. 69, S. Milius, "Bite This." Photo: Courtesy of Yasunori Koide. (CC BY-SA 3.0).
Creation Moments, Inc., P.O. Box 839, Foley, MN 56329 www.creationmoments.com